Tag-Archive for » Brussels Transportations «

Why taking the Eurostar through the Chunnel is worth the extra expense

Traveling by Eurostar between Europe and Britain is very convenient since it bypasses all the hassle of getting to and from airports. The overall journey is shorter and more pleasant.

Eurostar connects Brussels South with St. Pancras station in London, stopping once in France and once in Britain between these end destinations. Getting to Brussels South in Belgium by train is included in the price of your Eurostar ticket although there is no equivalent benefit in England.

Since both the Eurostar Brussels station and St. Pancras have both been remodeled it is a pleasure to board and alight and go on your way. Both have been modeled on the best airport facilities with small shops, restaurants and all the facilities.

Indeed the journey on Eurostar itself is much like flying. I traveled from Brussels to London in Leisure Select class, which is equivalent to traveling first. There is also a Leisure Select business in which businessmen can meet and/or work. That costs a little more. There is also a standard class that is somewhat cheaper.

In Brussels you pass both Belgian and British immigration services on the way out and coming back I passed through British and French immigration services, even though Britain is part of the European Union. That surprised me but added to the international flavor of this train.

On board Leisure Select you are met by the cabin attendant and conducted to your reserved seat. Mine was a single seat on one side of a large aisle, which was comparable to a business-class seat in a good plane except that there were no seat belts. That felt a little odd.

During the journey I was served a breakfast in one direction and lunch in the other. These were both excellent meals, well cooked and hot with all the trimmings and good wine. They were equivalent to first-class plane meals before the airlines had to start economizing.

Travel itself was very fast and the journey interesting except that the Chunnel’ is merely a long tunnel. The one thing, on my journey, that brought the real meaning of the Chunnel to mind is that the train was delayed for an hour on the French side because an unauthorized person had been found on an earlier train in the Chunnel. That delay, however, rarely occurs. We saw more of the Chunnel train sidings and work facilities on the British side.

From France, open flat farm country is left behind, while emerging into England, the countryside changes to that of Kent’s undulating green. In a plane you would have seen nothing of that between identical plane tarmac landing strips.

Furthermore, I would have landed far from London at Heathrow making subsequent travel difficult. In passing, I should add that any mode of travel that avoids Heathrow is worth any cost since Heathrow is undoubtedly the worst airport that it has been my displeasure to visit. That alone makes the small additional cost of the Eurostar worthwhile.

As a postscript, I should mention that this was not my only visit to the Chunnel. During construction, before Eurostar existed, I was able to enter from the English side and travel to the center of the Chunnel by small work train. There I could see the work of the tunnel being clad with concrete. I was nice to return as a passenger.

Appreciate The Excellent Galleries In Antwerp

When seeking a spirited place, Antwerp tourism opportunities are ideal. Antwerp tourism options give the traveller a custom to experience fine eating options, to drop over extraordinary sites of importance, and to drink in the rich past of the conurbation of Antwerp in Belgium. Fabulous, uniquely styled architecture, inviting and welcoming stores, magnificent past monuments, numerous art galleries, loads of , and myriad cultural activities await the visitor of Antwerp. In addition, getting around the municipality of Antwerp and to various destinations of leisure is amazingly easy, thanks to the myriad forms of public transportation accessible to tourists and metropolis inhabitants.

Antwerp has a host of museums that reminds foreigners of its illustrious former times. The Plantin Moretus Museum is a UNESCO world heritance site for its contribution of European printing while the 16th century. Antwerp zoo is one of the ancient zoos in the world. It has a mass of more than 4000 animals housed in the structure that came from the 19th century. Antwerp has a multitude churches that display diverse architecture these as the baroque church of Carolus Borromeus, and the Cathedral of our Lady, which is one of the grandest churches in Northern Europe. Other locations of importance include the conurbation hall, the ancient market square, and the Vleeshius meat house.

Take a expedition of one of the earliest zoos in the entire world; the Antwerp Zoo contains sea lions, adorable King Penguins, crocodiles, dolphins, monkeys, a vast diversification of reptiles, and fish. Plus, the Zoo is perfect for and children alike! If the zoo doesn’t appeal to you, perhaps the Royal Museum of Fine Arts will hold leisure for you. Once ruined by a devastating fire, the museum has a rich history, having been made, around 1884. Within the museum’s walls you may delight in the extraordinary work of artists like Rubens, Jacob Jordaens, and Floris Claesz van Deck.

Amusement options in Antwerp are hot tickets in Europe. The place has a repute for wonderful ballet displays and operas. You could hear the Royal Flanders Philharmonic do their magic in the concert halls around the metropolitan area. For flick breaks, the UGC Antwerpen has wonderful seats and excessive screens. Entertainment halls populate the city centre. Consult local people on the supreme spots to display amusement amid casual night outs.

Antwerp stands out from the rest of Belgium when it comes to food. While Brussels is legendary for its chocolate, Antwerp has a delicacy named “smos” which is made out of bread. It is difficult to say where the choice “smos” is, as every human in Antwerp has a various opinion about it, but one favored store is Jean-Pierre. The friendly citizens of Antwerp will gladly direct the excursionists to a zone near the university where the accepted “smos” is served.

The preferable restaurants in Antwerp do not offer Belgian food, unfortunately. The common food offered is just like the other locales with regard to ethnic food.

The economic dominance of Antwerp didn’t inaugurate with diamonds. The sheer economic success of the province dates back to the 16th century, and quite obviously, the success has carried over to modish times. Nowadays, the diamond trade is a sparkling feature that gives the conurbation its deserved lustre, yet it still gives us umpteen cultural value that citizens will appreciate.

Terrific Antwerpen Has Captivating Parks

When seeking a spirited mecca, Antwerp tourism opportunities are ideal. Antwerp tourism options give the traveller a custom to experience fine eating options, to see extraordinary locations of importance, and to drink in the rich past of the center of Antwerp in Belgium. Fabulous, uniquely styled architecture, inviting and welcoming stores, magnificent ancient monuments, numerous art galleries, an abundance of , and myriad enlightening activities await the visitor of Antwerp. In addition, getting around the place of Antwerp and to mixed destinations of importance is amazingly easy, thanks to the myriad forms of public transportation accessible to guests and borough inhabitants.

As with legions other locales in historically rich Belgium, Antwerp has a magnificent olden days. The area is a paradise for those who think the world of literature, art, or even architecture as seen in spots like the Rubenshuis, the Plantin Moretus Museum, and the Cathedral of Our Lady, respectively. Since it is the diamond capital of the world, one might ask where one can buy some terrific diamonds. As mentioned earlier, 3/4ths of the world diamond trade happens in Antwerp, so the question is misleading, as one may buy diamonds just about anywhere in Antwerp. The terrific would never be in question either as the pride of the province exists in the diamonds one brings home.

Alongside from the casual stroll and site-seeing, there are other frolic and insightful activities that you could do in Antwerp. Indispensable tours in Antwerp include the Port Antwerp trip. The port is the 2nd largest in Europe and the 5th greatest in the world. This port was one of the instruments of free trade in Europe as it welcomed goods from Asia, Africa, and the Americas. The Antwerp Ghostwalk is a center itineration that explores the darker side of Antwerp. The peregrination tells the collapse of Antwerp due to a succession of wars before present it turned around and became termed it is nowadays.

The Pelgrom comes to mind as a divergent form of pleasure. It is a building that has a phenomenal pub underground. It also boasts the “poortershuis,” a remake of a 17th century meeting community. One other thing of note when it comes to pleasure is the little obvious view of the conurbation skyline when one takes the pedestrian tunnel in St. Jansvliet. It is simply breathtaking to see how the diamond capital of the world sparkles at night. The view is nothing short of dazzling. For shoppers, seeing the Meir is a fine idea, especially for those looking for brand heading items.

Antwerp stands out from the rest of Belgium when it comes to food. While Brussels is outstanding for its chocolate, Antwerp has a delicacy called “smos” which is made out of bread. It is difficult to say where the ultimate “smos” is, as every character in Antwerp has a unlike opinion about it, but one famed store is Jean-Pierre. The friendly members of public of Antwerp will gladly direct the day-trippers to a suburb near the university where the notorious, “smos” is served.

The preferable restaurants in Antwerp do not offer Belgian food, unfortunately. The common food offered is just like the other locales with regard to ethnic food.

Antwerp’s past events as a trading hub allowed it to accumulate humanism and past disparate from other metropolitan areas in Belgium. Present, Antwerp is going back to top form economically. Antwerp is one of the rare tourist ports in Europe that is classic and active, ready to bring its spontaneity in the new century.

Eco-Minded Skiers Take the Train

This ski season, if you’re planning to take a ski trip, skip the long, annoying security checks at the airports and take the train instead.

It’s no secret that air travel is less environmentally friendly than train travel. Eurostar train operators in Europe have decided to compete with airlines to transport travelers to The Alps.

Eurostar is the first operator in the world to offer ‘carbon neutral’ journeys for all its travellers – at no extra cost. Newly opened Ebbsfleet offers seven trains per day to Paris and five per day to Brussels. Trains travel as fast as 186 mph, making your trip as short as possible. And as economically friendly as possible to boot.

Eurostar plans to further reduce carbon dioxide emissions by twenty-five per cent per passenger by 2012 with their ‘Tread Lightly’ plan. A train trip with Eurostar generates ten times less carbon dioxide than an airplane trip. In addition to generating fewer emissions, Eurostar plans to offset the emissions they cannot eliminate. Travellers who travel with Eurostar may not realize it, but they are making the environmentally responsible choice.

‘We know that thousands of travellers want to be on the first trains on High Speed 1. We are expecting heavy demand from customers keen to enjoy even faster, shorter journeys to the Continent, and who want to see the stunning restoration of St. Pancras International Station,’ says Eurostar’s Chief Executive, Richard Brown.

Independent research commissioned by Eurostar has shown that a trip from London to the French Alps generates 24 kilograms of carbon dioxide per passenger. In comparison, a typical return flight London Heathrow-Geneva generates 191 kilograms of carbon dioxide while a round trip between Gatwick and Geneva generates 169 kilograms of carbon dioxide per passenger.

An increasing number of skiers are using high speed rail to ski in the French Alps. Since July 2006, more than 33,000 skiers, an increase of 43 per cent from the previous ski season, have used Eurostar to travel to the Alps.

Not only is it more environmentally friendly, it cuts back on transfer problems and lost baggage associated with flying. Travelling with Eurostar helps avoid lengthy coach rides and transfers travellers have to deal with when flying. Eurostar’s stations, located high in the Alps, require only a short bus ride to resorts.

For skiers convenience, Eurostar has travel packages that include round trips to The Alps. Some of their most popular travel incentive packages include overnight travel on Friday night to arrive Saturday morning, or Saturday trips that allow travellers to take in the beautiful scenery along the way.

Eurostar also offers select packages at a slightly higher rate. These select packages offer slightly more roomy accommodations, meals and drinks served at the passenger’s seat.

This ski season, weigh your options. The plane trip may be quicker, but then you have the worries of lost luggage, coach rides and transfers to and from the resorts. The train trip may take a little longer, but much less hassle.

Whatever mode of transportation you choose, have a safe and happy ski season!

Phenomenal Antwerpen Has Compelling Tourist Attractions

When seeking a spirited trap, Antwerp tourism opportunities are ideal. Antwerp tourism options give the traveller a mode to experience fine eating options, to visit extraordinary sites of importance, and to drink in the rich past of the place of Antwerp in Belgium. Fabulous, uniquely styled architecture, inviting and welcoming stores, magnificent chronicled monuments, numerous art galleries, a quantity of , and myriad civilizing activities await the visitor of Antwerp. In addition, getting around the place of Antwerp and to diverse destinations of activity is amazingly easy, thanks to the myriad forms of public transportation accessible to guests and place inhabitants.

Antwerp has a host of museums that reminds foreigners of its redoubtable days gone by. The Plantin Moretus Museum is a UNESCO world patrimony site for its contribution of European printing when, the 16th century. Antwerp zoo is one of the earliest zoos in the world. It has a amassing of more than 4000 animals housed in the structure that came from the 19th century. Antwerp has umpteen churches that display diverse architecture these as the baroque church of Carolus Borromeus, and the Cathedral of our Lady, which is one of the grandest churches in Northern Europe. Other places of affection include the municipality hall, the old market square, and the Vleeshius meat house.

Beside from the casual stroll and site-seeing, there are other celebration and insightful activities that you can do in Antwerp. Crucial tours in Antwerp include the Port Antwerp expedition. The port is the 2nd largest in Europe and the 5th biggest in the world. This port was one of the instruments of free trade in Europe as it welcomed goods from Asia, Africa, and the Americas. The Antwerp Ghostwalk is a city excursion that explores the darker side of Antwerp. The trip tells the collapse of Antwerp due to a succession of wars antecedently it turned around and became known as it is present.

Pleasure options in Antwerp are hot tickets in Europe. The conurbation has a name for glorious ballet displays and operas. You may hear the Royal Flanders Philharmonic do their magic in the concert halls around the metropolitan area. For film breaks, the UGC Antwerpen has splendid seats and jumbo screens. Entertainment halls populate the city centre. Consult local people on the superior spots to show diversion while casual night outs.

Antwerp stands out from the rest of Belgium when it comes to food. While Brussels is talked about for its chocolate, Antwerp has a delicacy termed “smos” which is made out of bread. It is difficult to say where the foremost “smos” is, as every character in Antwerp has a unlike opinion about it, but one favoured store is Jean-Pierre. The friendly citizens of Antwerp will gladly direct the strangers to a habitat near the university where the notorious, “smos” is served.

The preferable restaurants in Antwerp do not offer Belgian food, unfortunately. The common food offered is just like the other spots with regard to ethnic food.

Antwerp is a tourist spot that must not be missed by humans taking a European road journey. It is enthralling to learn how Belgium and Antwerp mattered in world affairs for the duration the centuries. Stop by Antwerp and experience Belgium’s experiences at its most beautiful.

Peachy Wilrijk Has Pleasing Nightlife

When seeking a spirited holiday, Antwerp tourism opportunities are ideal. Antwerp tourism options give the traveller a guise to experience fine dining options, to stay at extraordinary places of affection, and to drink in the rich experiences of the municipality of Antwerp in Belgium. Fabulous, uniquely styled architecture, inviting and welcoming stores, magnificent actual monuments, numerous art galleries, stacks of , and myriad humanizing activities await the visitor of Antwerp. In addition, getting around the place of Antwerp and to miscellaneous destinations of activity is amazingly easy, thanks to the myriad forms of public transportation accessible to guests and metropolis inhabitants.

You could begin your “Antwerpen circuit” by seeing the Antwerp Zoo. This zoo is one of the earliest zoos in the world. Since it was founded in 1843, it continued to collect exotic animal species from Belgium’s African colonies. You can still see the lion panels from the 1800′s. The Grote Market in the bygone town centre is an icon of medieval lifestyle in Flanders. The triangular area that covers the market is lined with guild halls straight from the Renaissance, and you could also find the Brabo fountain in the centre of the market.

Shopping is one activity that you should not miss in Antwerp. Once you leave the Antwerpen Centraal Station, head over to the diamond district just at odds with the station. After you stroll through the diamond district, you may walk through the old city, as you are greeted by antique fabrics and lighthearted citizens. You can also drive to the Antwerp’s north side to find old oil refineries. Then, go back to the city centre and shop for souvenirs, as well as consume some of Antwerp’s local produce.

Antwerp has its own brand of recreation found in the bygone city centre. The Cafe Beveren is a quaint shop frequented by university students, singles, and sailors. There is also an antique organ and jukebox that is played by local talents. The Bourlaschouwburg is a round theatre that was once built for the French elite in the 1830′s. Present, you could watch the Het Toneelhuis theatre company display their talent in this theatre. Cartoons is a cinema house for foreign films and independently produced features. You could sit down and take in the cosy ambiance of the cinema house with your date.

The residents of Antwerp adulate renowned food. You can get satisfying French temptations like french fries and other fried dishes in the standing eateries found on the drives. Antwerp has a unique mode of creating distinguished bread, one of which is named “smos”. Smos is bread topped with lots of layers of garnish. The only fashion to eat it is to plunge in and chew them the messy guise. For dinner, Antwerp has a collection of fine dinner restaurants. They say that the food in Antwerp is preferable than in Brussels. You will need to be the judge.

Antwerp has been under the radar for so long, so expect this municipality to emerge as a prime tourist place in the coming years. The supreme way to get around Antwerp is with bikes. See museums, royal houses, and the famed Cathedral of our Lady.

Tips for choosing an airport hotel

Need to get to the airport at the crack of dawn? Flying in late at night and need some sleep? In answer to these questions, it’s often easier to stay at an airport hotel. For a business traveler, the airport hotel is a godsend and nothing beats their ease. The airport hotel can work well for the leisure traveler, both individuals and families, if carefully checked out in advanced.

Years ago, airport hotels were very basic and nothing more than small motels, but today that has all changed. The newest and largest hotel chains are providing spacious deluxe rooms, with many amenities such as spas, swimming pools, Internet access, and free airport shuttle. The business traveler will appreciate never being out of touch with high-tech business facilities.

With an extensive range of hotels having all the modern comforts required, may have you wonder about pricing and proximity to sights in the nearby locations. If you are in a major airport, the airport hotel is usually part of a national chain, and because there may be several hotels in the area, fierce competition ensures decent prices.

A hotel on the airport property may even be in the terminal area such as “Hyatt Regency Orlando Intl Airport. If you need to fly out of Orlando on an early morning flight, it works out perfectly. However, it is not near any of the theme parks and is not suggested to use as a base for a holiday

The same holds true for Marriotts Angeles Airport Hotel, which has been recently renovated to assure wonderful and convenient stay. There’s no problem in getting to LAX, as free transportation is provided, but there is no alternative transportation into Los Angeles other than a taxi.

Many times hotels that are in the terminal are usually high in quality but you pay a high price too. The traveler often pays for the proximity advantage but one new in terminal chain affords a bargain in London and Amsterdam known as a Yotel.

The Yotel is modern, low-cost and right in the terminal so there’s no need to wait for a shuttle as you can walk directly to your gate. It is a great place to hang your hat and rest your feet if you have a long layover or if your flight has been delayed.

Winner of Worldwide Hospitality Awards in 2005 for innovative Concept in Hotel Lodging, the Yotel can be secured for either hourly or overnight stays and you can check you’re the status of your flight right on your TV screen.

Several airports can work wonderful for your entire stay as the infrastructure from the airport to the city is well planned. Of course you need to do your homework to check all options.

Other cities such as Amsterdam, Brussels, Geneva and London have mass transportation systems that can whisk you right into the center in a half an hour or less. You may be able to budget a more luxurious four or five star hotel at the airport for the price of a one star in a city.

Whether you are traveling for business or pleasure, you will wake up feeling relaxed, refreshed and ready to start begin your day, when you stay at a hotel that meets your needs.

The best way to choose an airport hotel is speak with a travel agent, sign up on-line with a major hotel chain, read reviews from others on the web or suggestions from destination tourist offices prior to your trip.

Vitamins that help getting rid of dark circles under eyes

Having dark circles under your eyes can really lower your self-esteem. When people look at you the first thing they see is your face and meeting people while you have dark, puffy bags under your eyes can be quite embarrassing. You want to make a good impression and put your best face forward, so to speak, but the bags around your eyes keep weighing you down. So, what are you to do then?

Well, that all depends on the cause of the dark circles under your eyes. The appearance of dark circles under eyes can be caused by a number of things. Some common causes of dark circles under eyes are not enough sleep, allergies, an hereditary trait, pregnancy, menstruation, exposure to sun, dehydration, poor blood circulation, kidney or liver problems, cold or sinus infections, poor nutrition, certain medications and age. It is best to know what causes the dark circles under your eyes so you and your doctor can treat it effectively.

Still, all these causes do not mean that you have to suffer with the appearance of dark circles under your eyes. In fact, there are many topical creams on the market that will remove or significantly lessen the appearance of dark circles under eyes over time, no matter what the cause of your dark under-eye circles.

Vitamins that help remove dark circles under eyes are Vitamin K, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E and Iron. Most topical creams are made with these vitamins, so you can apply them under your eyes and watch them keep those bags in check.

Vitamin K

Now, Vitamin K is the best vitamin that removes dark circles under eyes. Vitamin K removes dark circles under eyes and the puffiness that comes along with it by healing the damaged capillaries and arteries in the skin and helping the blood circulating around the eyes to clot. As the skin under the eye is very thin, when blood passes through the veins next to the skin’s surface it becomes important that the blood clots properly. The thinner the skin near the eye the more visible the dark circles will appear if this is not done. Vitamin K, therefore, helps the blood flowing through the veins of the skin to clot and prevent seepage, which is how dark circles under eyes are formed.

To boost the results of topical creams and prescriptions from your doctor, you can supplement your diet with more food containing Vitamin K. Vitamin K is found in most green leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, kale and is also found in avocados and kiwi fruit. Be sure to talk

Putting the Right Nutrients Into Your Breast Milk

During pregnancy the baby is like a parasite and will take all the nutrients that he requires from you. If your diet is sufficient in nutrients for both, it does not cause any problems. If on the other hand your diet is insufficient for both, then your recovery and the ability to produce breast milk after the birth will take longer and if you still do not replenish your body stores during the confinement period, you may remain weak for a long time. If you are breast-feeding, you need to increase the amount slightly because you are eating for two. A nursing mother must continue to eat high quality food recommended during pregnancy in order to establish lactation and maintain an adequate supply of her breast milk. A deficient diet not only upset the nutrient content of her milk but can also reduce the quantity of milk produced. This is probably why our elders make such a lot of fuss about eating well during the confinement period. It is important that you eat nourishing food that includes all of the main food groups at every meal.

Just remember the following pointers:

1. If you are breast feeding whatever you eat will be transferred to your baby via your breast milk therefore it is important that you eat a balanced diet so that your baby will get the right nutrients for optimum growth and development.

2. Some food does cause the baby to become ‘windy’ or have loose stools. If you find that your baby is suddenly quite unsettled, try to think of what you ate during the last 12 hours. Avoid that food for a few days and then try again. If the same happens again, then you should avoid that particular food for a while and re-introduce it into your diet by taking a very small amount and see how baby reacts then slowly increase the amount so that baby gets used to the food.

3. You may find that your appetite is slightly low especially during the first week. This is normal as your body is readjusting to its non-pregnant state both physically and mentally therefore it is better to have small frequent meals instead of the normal 3 big meals a day.

4. You need to drink plenty of fluids in order to make sufficient breast milk and it is best that you get this from sources such as soup or nourishing tea. Drinking too much plain water will dilute the breast milk and therefore is not nutritious for the baby.

So what should you eat?

Protein – The building blocks are amino acids that contain oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, and nitrogen. Only eight amino acids are obtained from the food we eat. It is necessary for growth and repair of cells in the body. It helps make enzymes that enable us to digest food, produce antibodies and hormones. Too much protein in the body are converted into glucose and urea. Sources – Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, cheese, cereals (wheat, oats and rice), pulses (beans, lentils and peas), nuts and potatoes.

Fat Soluble vitamins

Vitamin A – Retinol and Beta-carotene are necessary for cell division and growth. To maintain healthy mucous membranes of respiratory, digestive and urinary tracts and is important for good eyesight. Sources –

Retinol – Liver, oily fish, dairy produce and eggs.

Beta-carotene – Carrots, red peppers, mangoes, spinach and kale.

Vitamin D – Calciferols is needed to absorb calcium and phosphorous for healthy teeth and bones. It is also produced by exposing the skin to the sun. Sources – Eggs, tuna, salmon, sardines, fish liver oil and fortified margarines.

Vitamin E – Tocopherols prevent oxidation of free radicals polyunsaturated fatty acids in cell membranes and other tissues. Sources – Vegetable oils, nuts, wheat germ, seeds and margarine.

Vitamin K – Phylloquinone is essential in forming certain proteins and for blood clotting. Sources – Green leafy vegetables especially green cabbage, broccoli and Brussels sprouts

Water Soluble vitamins

Vitamin B

Thiamin (B1) is needed to obtain energy from carbohydrates, fats and alcohol and to prevent build-up of toxic waste substances. Sources – Pork, liver, heart, kidneys, nuts and pulses.

Riboflavin (B2) is necessary to release energy from food and for the functioning of vitamin B6 and niacin. Sources – Milk, yoghurt, eggs, meat, poultry, fish and fortified cereals

Pyridoxine (B6) helps to release energy from proteins and is also important for immune function, the nervous system and formation of red blood cells. Sources – Lean meat, poultry, eggs, fish, tofu, wholemeal bread, nuts, bananas, yeast extract and soya beans

Niacin produces energy in cells to form neurotransmitters. Maintain healthy skin and an efficient digestive system. Sources – Lean meat, poultry, pulses, potatoes, nuts and fortified cereals.

Pantothenic acid helps release energy from food and is essential for synthesis of cholesterol, fat and red blood cells. Sources – Meat, vegetables, liver, dried fruits and nuts.

Biotin is important in the synthesis of fat and cholesterol. Sources – Liver, peanut butter, egg yolk and yeast extract.

Folic acid is necessary for cell division and the formation of DNA, RNA and proteins in the body. Sources – Brussels sprouts, liver, green leafy vegetables, broccoli, pulses, wheatgerm, fortified breakfast cereals and bread.

Cyanocobalamin (B12) is necessary for making DNA, RNA and myelin. It helps transportation of folate into cells. Sources – Meat, poultry, fish, tofu, eggs and diary products.

Vitamin C or Ascorbic acid is necessary to make collagen and neurotransmitters like noradrenalin and serotonin. It is an antioxidant in the body and aids absorption of iron. Sources – Fruits, particularly citrus fruits, kiwis, strawberries, peppers, potatoes and vegetables.

Carbohydrates are converted into glucose and glycogen to give the body fuel for energy.

Glucose is in the blood and glycogen is stored in the liver and muscles. If the level of glucose drops, glycogen is converted into glucose for use. Sources – Sprouting grains, starchy root vegetables, fruits, cereals, pulses, milk and diary products.

Fats

• Saturated fats

• Monounsaturated fats

• Polyunsaturated fats

• Cholesterol

Rich source of calories for energy and provide fat soluble vitamins. It maintains healthy skin and body functions. Necessary for the production of sex hormones, synthesis of vitamin D and production of cell membranes and nerve coatings. Sources – Butter, cheeses, fatty meat and all forms of cooking oil.

Macrominerals

Potassium regulate heart beat and maintain blood pressure. Maintain fluid and electrolyte balance within cells. Sources – Avocado, fresh and dried fruits, banana, seeds and nuts, citrus fruits, potato and pulses.

Calcium is a vital component of bones and teeth. Vital for nerve transmission, blood clotting and muscle function. Sources – Green leafy vegetables, sesame seeds, tinned sardines, milk and dairy products.

Chloride is vital for stomach acid formation. Maintains fluid and electrolyte balance. Sources – Salt and any food containing salt.

Magnesium is important for muscle contraction and assists in nerve impulses. It is an important constituent of bones and teeth. Sources – Wholegrain cereals, green vegetables, nuts, sesame seeds and pulses

Sodium works with potassium to regulate fluid balance. It is essential for nerve and muscle function. Sources – Table salt, processed meats, yeast extracts and tinned anchovies

Phosphorous help to form and maintain healthy bones and teeth, help to release energy in cells and essential for absorption of many nutrients. Sources – Red meat, poultry, fish and seafood, milk and diary products, seeds and whole grains.

Microminerals

Iron is essential for the production of haemoglobin which carries oxygen. It is needed for synthesis of RNA, DNA and collagen for healthy gums, teeth bones and cartilage. Sources – Liver, kidneys, red meat, sardines, egg yolk, green leafy vegetables, raisins, dried apricots

Zinc is essential for normal growth, reproduction and immunity. It aids the action of many enzymes. Sources – Oysters, animal proteins, beans, nuts, whole grains, pumpkin and sunflower seeds

Selenium protects cells against free radical damage. It is vital for normal sexual development. Sources – Meat and fish, butter, avocados, brazil nuts and lentils.

Water is vital for life. It is necessary for digestion and elimination of waste products. It acts as a lubricant for eyes and joints and regulates body temperature. Sources – Drinks, fruits and vegetables, meat, fish, eggs, bread and cereals, milk and dairy products.

Food for thought

It is not only Asian communities that advocate lactating mothers refrain from eating fruits and vegetables, some Western communities do the same. In my opinion, the reason for avoiding fruits and vegetables is that some contain high levels of oxalate that interferes with calcium absorption. Lactating mothers require high calcium intake for adequate milk production.

Fruits high in oxalate – Kiwi, guava, star fruit, blueberries, figs and strawberries

Vegetables high in oxalates – Tapioca, pumpkin, sweet potato, carrot, garlic, watercress, brinjal, leeks, turnip, chives, lady’s fingers, parsley and spinach

Tip – Blanching the fruits and vegetables could lower the oxalate level.

Fruits low in oxalate – Papaya, langsat, banana, avocado, cherries, lemon, mango, watermelon, honeydew melon, ciku, durian and peeled apples.

Vegetables low in oxalates – Cauliflower, cabbage, kai lan, petola, green pea, capsicum, potato, tomato, cucumber, iceberg lettuce

Tip – If you love your fruits and vegetables and is worried about calcium absorption, then it is best that you have your milk drinks 3-4 hours before or after your main meals.

Avoid taking too much salt as this may reduce breast milk production. Cooling and windy food may contribute to baby becoming colicky. Acidic food may increase bleeding in the mother and diarrhea in the baby. What you eat also depends on what you believe in and who cooks for you. I hope that with the above information you will be able to tell your ‘cook’ what is best for both you and your baby.

A Guide to getting to Alicante, Spain

Alicante is a Spanish city that is a favourite travel destination due to its gorgeous seas, exquisite cuisine and the many interesting events it holds throughout the year. It is one of the more popular and exciting Spanish cities, and attracts many tourists. As such, entering Alicante is quite an easy process.

By Air – Alicante El Altet International Airport is quite a busy airport, serviced by many international carriers. In fact, it has been called Europe’s busiest airports. You can reach Alicante directly from places such as Frankfurt, Barcelona, London, Manchester, Madrid, Brussels, Warsaw and Paris, among many others. Visitors can also choose to take connecting flights from Madrid or Barcelona. These journeys take only about an hour.

The airport is located around ten kilometres away from the main city. You can take the bus to the city. It leaves every forty five minutes and makes stops at several locations, so be sure to ask the driver for directions if you are unsure. The bus follows a circular route to and from the airport. If you would like to take the train to your eventual destination, the bus can also drop you off at the train station. Taxis can also be found outside the arrivals hall. A trip to the city will take about half an hour and cost around €20. You should refuse to accept any price significantly higher than these. Visitors who have an international driving license can also consider renting a car. Several major car rental companies are located within the airport compound, and their prices are fairly reasonable, especially if you intend to travel around a lot.

By Train – If you are coming from Madrid, Sevilla or Barcelona, you can also make use of the train to reach Alicante. Trains are run by the company RENFE and will drop you off at Alicante Train Station, which is located in the city centre.

By Boat – If you are coming from Ibiza or Palma de Mallorca, you can also take a direct ferry to Alicante. Such ferries are have limited vacancy and are quite popular, so be sure to reserve tickets in advance.

By Bus – There is also a national bus service that you can take from Madrid or Barcelona. The bus ride will take five and seven hours respectively, and the end point will be the city centre. Such bus rides are a much less expensive, and interesting, way to travel.